Difference between revisions of "Create WeBWorK Virtual Machine (.OVA) File"

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# implement all options A-E except C (run WW through SSL)
# implement all options A-E except C (run WW through SSL)
====Check that tools was not installed====
vmware-toolbox-cmd -v
====Remove openssh-server====
====Remove openssh-server====

Revision as of 16:16, 13 May 2020

Instructions for creating a WeBWorK Virtual Machine (.OVA) Image

Note that the resulting .ova image can be used to create a virtual machine

Build the server on VMWare Workstation (Player or Pro)

  1. 8 GBk disk (single file)
  2. 1 GB memory
  3. 1 cpu

The above resources are very minimal and (except for disk space) correspond to a AWS t2-micro level machine which is free.

  1. Download the ubuntu live CD (server version)
  1. Install following the standard directions with the following options
  1. Don't partition disks separately
  2. User name: wwadmin
  3. login: wwadmin
  4. password: wwadmin
  5. Computer name: wwserver

Do not install VMWare tools

Workstation Player

When you see REBOOT, Do not reboot the system Close the window and pick power off Open VMWare player, select (right click) guest and select settings. And remove all the autoinst CD and floppy. Then boot.

and login (wwadmin/wwadmin) After system boots check that openssh-server is installed run

sudo lsof -i -P -n | grep LISTEN

to check if it is listening on port 22 If not install openssh-server

sudo apt install openssh-server

Now on the host set up port forwarding. Find the ip address of your guest The Guest IP is the IP address your guest WeBWorK server is using. You can find it (after you login) by entering the command

$ ip address show

and looking at the output, something like "inet ..." (not the LOOPBACK inet address). Here the ip address is

Workstation Player

Find or download the vmnetcfg.exe program. This does not come with Workstation Player but it does come with Workstation Pro. Download Workstation Pro (Do not install it) and look for this program where you installed things. Run the command as root (or administrator on Windows)


and configure NAT for port forwarding. Say localhost:2222 to e.g.

Workstation Pro

Login from Terminal program

At this point you can login to your server from your host machine using SSH (non secure telnet and FTP are not allowed but secure SSH and SFTP are) using your favourite terminal emulator program. E.g. set your terminal to connect to localhost:2222

You can do all of the remaining installation from a terminal emulator on your host. The advantage of doing this is that you can copy commands from these instructions (with copy from the Edit menu or ^C) and paste them into a terminal window (with paste from the Edit menu list or <Shift> <Ctrl> <V> or <Shift> <Insert> depending on your application).

  1. set password for webworkWrite (wwadmin)
  2. add practice users and jsmith/jsmith to myTestCourse
  3. add the standard sets to myTestCourse
  4. implement all options A-E except C (run WW through SSL)

Remove openssh-server

sudo apt remove openssh-sftp-server 

Export to an .ova file.

Workstation Player

Find the path to your VM Open a command prompt as administrator cd D:\program files\vmware\vmware OVF_Tool Enter type ovftool “C:\the path to your VM\your VMname.vmx” c:\new directory\name.ova