Installing WeBWorK on Live USB
These instructions explain how to download and install a disk image of a fully functioning WeBWorK 2.4 system onto a 2 GB or larger USB flash memory drive.
Installing WeBWorK on a 2 GB or larger USB flash memory drive
After installing the disk image on a USB flash memory drive, you will have a full fledged Ubuntu 10.04 system with WeBWorK, Apache2, MySQL, etc. installed and configured. You just have to plug the USB drive in and boot your computer from your USB drive. The system is persistent (if you choose to set up a persistent system, see below), i.e. any changes you make (to Ubuntu, WeBWorK, anything) are saved and will be there the next time you boot the system. Also nothing on your computer's hard drive will be touched so there will be no change to your standard operating system. If you want to run everything locally as a test, nothing else is required. If you want to connect your system to the internet so that people (students, professors) can connect to WeBWorK and you can login remotely (via ssh) to Ubuntu, you may have to configure networking (see below). Also it is imperative that you CHANGE THE PASSWORDS for the OS users
wwadmin (which has sudo privileges), for the MySQL users
webworkWrite, and for the WeBWorK user
admin who has professor privileges (see below).
There are more detailed instructions for Ubuntu 10.04 and WeBWorK 2.4 at Installation_Manual_for_2.4_on_Ubuntu_10.04
- You need a PC that can be booted from USB. This seems to exclude all Mac's and very old PC's. Most PC's less the 5 or 6 years old should be OK.
- You meed a 2GB or larger USB flash memory drive. For most purposes, any flash drive should work. If you plan to have a small production system with a number of people using WeBWorK simultaneously, you probably want a drive with decent read and write speeds. For example, the SanDisk Extreme Cruzer Contour with 25MB/sec read and 18MB/sec write speeds. Another good option is the Kingston 4GB DataTraveler 410 USB Flash Drive.
- Go to http://www.linuxliveusb.com/ and then download and install LinuxLive USB Creator 2.5 (or the latest version). LinuxLive USB Creator runs on Windows.
- If you want to create the live USB on a Linux system, use e.g. UNetbootin (http://unetbootin.sourceforge.net/). The directions below are for LinuxLive USB Creator 2.5 but I have used UNetbootin in the past and the method is very similar. See the section on #UNetbootin at the bottom of this page for a little more information.
There are both 64 bit and 32 bit distributions. The 64 bit distribution should work with most modern cpu's. If you have an old 32 bit cpu, use the 32 bit distribution. Download the md5 check sum and .iso file from either of the sites below. Download
WW2.4.9_Ubuntu10.04.2LTS_32bit_Vanilla_LiveDVD.iso). The iso's are 1.2 GB files.
or for 32 bit systems
or for 32 bit systems
- Verify the MD5 checksum of your downloaded file agrees with the above
Install WeBWorK on USB drive
- Plug your 2 GB or larger USB drive into the computer and make sure the computer recognizes it
- Run LinuxLive USB Creator
Here are the steps
- Choose your key, i.e. your USB flash memory drive
- Choose your source. Select ISO/IMG/ZIP and browse for and select e.g.
WW2.4_Ubuntu10.04_64bit_Vanilla_LiveDVD.iso. Important: Newer versions of LinuxLive USB Creator (e.g. version 2.8.8) do not recognize the name
WW2.4_Ubuntu10.04_64bit_Vanilla_LiveDVD.isoas being a Ubuntu distribution. If you don't change the file name most things should work but e.g. persistence will not work. To be safe or if you want persistence rename the WeBWorK iso file to
ubuntu-10.04.2-desktop-amd64.isofor the 64 bit version or
ubuntu-10.04.2-desktop-i386.isofor the 32 bit version. You will see the warning "You have the right ISO file but it is corrupted or was altered. ..." which you can ignore.
- Use the slide to select (or just enter) the additional amount of space you want to use for persistent data. You need 1.2 GB for WeBWorK, etc so the remaining space on your USB flash memory drive can be used for this. 1024 or 2048 MB's (1 or 2 GB's) should be ample.
- Options. I didn't check any options and unchecked those that were checked but you may want to format your USB flash memory drive
- Then create it
Note that in the last step "Formatting persistence file", on my Windows 7 system I get the error "There is no disk in the drive. Please insert a disk into drive \Device\Harddisk2\DR2". I just hit "Cancel" a few times until the error message disappeared. As far as I can tell everything works fine in persistent and non persistent modes. I have not been able to find any references to this error on the web.
If you don't do anything more you will have a non-persistent system meaning that when you reboot the USB flash memory drive everything will be in exactly the same state it was in originally (i.e. any changes you made to Ubuntu, WeBWorK, anything will not be saved).
A persistent system means that when you reboot the USB flash memory drive everything will be in exactly the same state it was when you last shut down the system (i.e. any changes you made to Ubuntu, WeBWorK, anything will be saved). If you want a persistent system (most people probably do especially if you are connecting to the web and want to save new passwords, etc) do the following
On your USB flash memory drive edit the file
syslinux.cfg which you will find in the
\syslinux directory (you may want to make a back up copy of it first). Under the section
label live add in "persistent" at the end of the line that begins with "append", and save the file, so your
syslinux.cfg should look like this:
label live menu label live - boot the Live System kernel /casper/vmlinuz append file=/cdrom/preseed/custom.seed boot=casper initrd=/casper/initrd.gz quiet splash persistent --
Don't forget the space before the
Now you will have persistence if you boot the Live System.
If you want the option of using your USB flash memory drive in both persistent and non persistent modes (sometimes you want to save changes and sometimes you don't), then leave the
label live section alone and directly below it add the section
label live_persistent menu label live_persistent - boot the Live Persistent System kernel /casper/vmlinuz append file=/cdrom/preseed/custom.seed boot=casper initrd=/casper/initrd.gz quiet splash persistent --
Then booting the Live System will give you your original non-persistent system and booting the Live Persistent System will give you your persistent system. Note that any changes you make in the persistent mode will never appear in the non-persistent mode.
Boot from USB drive
With the USD drive plugged in reboot your system and boot from USB. You will probably have to hold down a certain key (e.g. F12 or F11) to bring up a boot menu. Or possibly you may have to edit your BIOS to allow booting from USB. Select USB Storage Device as the boot device and boot.
You will be presented with a list of options. Select the first live - boot the Live System (which is the default) or second (if you added it) live_persistent - boot the Live Persistent System and log in. Use
wwadmin as the Username and
wwadmin as the Password.
If you do not want to connect your server to the internet, you can just open firefox and access the URL: http://localhost/webwork2 . If you connect to a network using DHCP, networking will be set up automatically.
'Sorry, the program "gvfsd-metadata" closed unexpectedly' Error
The first time you boot up in the persistent mode (and every time you boot up in the non-persistent mode) you will see the error message: 'Sorry, the program "gvfsd-metadata" closed unexpectedly'. This is a known bug (see e.g. http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=1403357). You can ignore it or you can just remove the offending file
rm -rf ~/.local/share/gvfs-metadata
and a correct version will be recreated automatically.
What to do next
The installation on your USB flash memory drive is identical to the installation given in the instructions Installing from WW2.4 Ubuntu10.04 64bit Vanilla LiveDVD except that the installation occured on your USB flash memory drive, not on your hard drive. All the sections on Passwords, Setting up networking using a static IP address, Global Configuration and File and Directory Locations and System Information apply and you should read them. If you set up a persistent system, all changes you make will be preserved the next time you boot from your USB flash memory drive. If you set up a non-persistent system, the changes will only last until you shut down the system.
Here are some quick notes on using UNetbootin. I haven't tested these recently but they should still be valid.
First get UNetbootin and install it (http://unetbootin.sourceforge.net/)
- Run UNetbootin and check "Diskimage". Then browse for the file
WW2.4_Ubuntu10.04_64bit_Vanilla_LiveDVD.isoand select it
- Make sure your USD drive is selected (often drive D: but check before you write to it)
OKand sit back while the installation onto the USB drive takes place
- Go to http://unetbootin.sourceforge.net/diskimg/ and download
- http://unetbootin.sourceforge.net/diskimg/readme.txt gives the instruction we repeat below we some slight amplifications.
Go to http://unetbootin.sourceforge.net/diskimg/ and download one of the files (128mb.zip, 256mb.zip, or 512mb.zip) corresponding to the amount of persistent space you want (make sure the size of the persistent disk image is smaller than the free space you have on your USB drive). Since the .iso file is a 1.1GB file you need a 2GB flash memory card and this gives plenty of space for the extra 512 MB of persistent space so download the
Now extract the file "casper.rw" from the zip file to your USB drive.
Now edit D:\syslinux.cfg (assuming D:\ is where your USB drive is) and add in "persistent" in two places at the end of the first two lines that begin with "append", and save the file, so your syslinux.cfg should look something like this:
default unetbootin label unetbootin kernel /ubnkern append initrd=/ubninit file=/cdrom/preseed/ubuntu.seed boot=casper quiet splash persistent --
label ubnentry0 menu label live kernel /casper/vmlinuz append initrd=/casper/initrd.gz file=/cdrom/preseed/custom.seed boot=casper quiet splash persistent --
Don't forget the space before the
Now you will have persistence if you boot the default or live options. For more info see https://help.ubuntu.com/community/LiveCD/Persistence