## PREP 2014 Question Authoring - Archived

### Can WEIGHTED_ANS be used with essay_cmp? ### Can WEIGHTED_ANS be used with essay_cmp?

by Murphy Waggoner -
Number of replies: 3
I have a question where students do some calculations, make a conjecture on the pattern, and then test their conjecture on a few more problems.

For the conjecture I give the students an essay blank.

I want to give more weight to the conjecture and the subsequent questions thank to the first simple calculations.

But essay_cmp() is a different type of answer checker than $num->cmp (I know they are different but I don't remember the essence of the difference.) When I try to use WEIGHTED_ANS, no matter what weight I give the essay question, it assumes a weight of 1. The weights in the problem are nonsense right now (not the weights I eventually want, but was using for testing) I got all the calculations correct and my score should be (40 + 10 x 1)/(40 + 10 x 1 + 86) = 37% but it ended up being 98% which is (40 + 10 x 1)/(40 + 10 x 1 + 1). A related question: can I capture students' answers? I was thinking if I captured the answer, somehow passed it essay_cmp like we pass the correct answers to cmp - but then what would be the point of that? Just wondering. (You said not to be afraid to ask questions - I'm taking you up on that. I have learned a lot just by reading the questions/answers in the other forums on the Moodle site. Thanks again for all the help. I think I would have found my work much more daunting if I felt I was alone doing this.) DOCUMENT(); # This should be the first executable line in the problem. loadMacros( "PG.pl", "PGbasicmacros.pl", "MathObjects.pl", "PGanswermacros.pl", "PGauxiliaryFunctions.pl", "PGcomplexmacros.pl", "PGessaymacros.pl", "weightedGrader.pl", # Don't forget to install this later "unionLists.pl" ); TEXT(beginproblem()); ###################################### # Setup Context("Complex"); # create random numbers$a = non_zero_random( 11, 70, 1 );
$a = non_zero_random($a + 1, $a + 49, 4 );$a = non_zero_random( $a + 1,$a + 49, 4);
$a = non_zero_random($a + 1, $a + 49, 4); # Calculate the answers: first with exponents 0 through 9 for ($n = 0; $n <= 9;$n++ )
{
$answer[$n] = Complex("i^$n"); } # More answers: now with 4 random integers for ($n = 0; $n <= 3;$n++ )
{
$answer[$n + 10] = Complex("i^($a[$n])");
}

# Convert the answer to LimitedComplex context
# so that the students have to simplify their answer.
# .... so they can't enter things like i^3

Context("LimitedComplex");
for ( $n = 0;$n <= 13; $n++ ) {$simple_ans[$n] = Compute($answer[$n]->string); } BEGIN_TEXT Part 1 of 3: Calculate the following:$PAR
(1a) $$i^0\ =$$ \{ans_rule(5)\} $PAR (1b) $$i^1 =$$ \{ans_rule(5)\}$PAR
(1c) $$i^2\ =$$ \{ans_rule(5)\} $PAR (1d) $$i^3\ =$$ \{ans_rule(5)\}$PAR
(1e) $$i^4\ =$$ \{ans_rule(5)\} $PAR (1f) $$i^5\ =$$ \{ans_rule(5)\}$PAR
(1g) $$i^6\ =$$ \{ans_rule(5)\} $PAR (1h) $$i^7\ =$$ \{ans_rule(5)\}$PAR
(1i) $$i^8\ =$$ \{ans_rule(5)\} $PAR (1j) $$i^9\ =$$ \{ans_rule(5)\}$PAR

$PAR$BR
Part 2 of 3: Describe the pattern above in a way that will help you calculate $$i^n$$ for any nonnegative integer $$n$$.
$PAR Try to be as mathematical as possible.$PAR
This part will be read and graded later. You will not get immediate feedback on this answer.
$PAR \{ essay_box(8,60) \}$PAR
$BR Part 3 of 3: To test your hypothesis from Part 2, use your pattern to calculate the following. Revise your answer to Part 2 if needed based on these results.$PAR

(3a) $$i^{a}\ =$$ \{ans_rule(5)\} $PAR (3b) $$i^{a}\ =$$ \{ans_rule(5)\}$PAR
(3c) $$i^{a} \ =$$ \{ans_rule(5)\} $PAR (3d) $$i^{a}\ =$$ \{ans_rule(5)\}$PAR

END_TEXT

#####################################################
# End Game

# Must be done so weighted grading can be done - see macro above

# Make the error message something easier for the students to understand
# especially since they haven't seen e^(ai) yet

Context()->{error}{msg}
{"Exponentials can only be of the form 'e^(ai)' in this context"}
= "You must enter a number in the form a + bi";
Context()->{error}{msg}
{"The constant 'i' may appear only once in your formula"}
= "You must enter a number in the form a + bi";

# Check answers - using weights
#

for ( $n = 0;$n <= 9; $n++ ) { WEIGHTED_ANS( ($simple_ans[$n])->cmp, 1); } # Part 2 answers WEIGHTED_ANS( essay_cmp(), 86 ); # Stores the essay box input for later grading # Part 3 answers for ($n = 10; $n <= 13;$n++ )
{
WEIGHTED_ANS( ($simple_ans[$n])->cmp, 10);
}

ENDDOCUMENT(); # This should be the last executable line in the problem. ### Re: Can WEIGHTED_ANS be used with essay_cmp?

by Murphy Waggoner -
Just touching this so it moves up the list. Hoping for a reply. Thanks ### Re: Can WEIGHTED_ANS be used with essay_cmp?

by Davide Cervone -
I've been out of the country since right after the course ended, and only just returned this week. I haven't gotten caught up with the questions yet.

In any case, it does appear that essay_cmp doesn't work properly with the weighted grader. The reason is that answer checkers contain an object that gets used during the grading process, and WEIGHTED_ANS() inserts the weight into that object so the grader can use it, but essay_cmp() replaces that object with a new one, and so the weight is lost.

You can get around that by using

    WEIGHTED_ANS(sub {essay_cmp()->evaluate(@_)}, 86);

    WEIGHTED_ANS(essay_cmp(), 86);

This provides an answer checker that calls the essay checker internally and returns its value. Since this is just a perl function rather than an AnswerChecker object, the WEIGHTED_ANS() treats it differently and supplies its own AnswerChecker that holds onto the weight properly.

The essay_cmp checker probably could be modified to retain the weights, but this should work for now. 